Fair Treatment

Equal Pay

The Constitution supports the principle of equal pay for equal work and prohibits all forms of discrimination against women. The work by housewives in the home has the same value as what they can receive when working outside the home.

Labour Code also prohibits discrimination in wages on the basis of sex, origin and age. Wage is equal for all the workers for work of equal conditions, professional skill and output. The draft Minimum Wage Bill 2016 clarifies that for any work with equal conditions, skill and profession and equal output, the wage shall be equal for all workers/employees covered by this law regardless of origin, sex or age.

Sources: §36 & 45 of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, of 21 September 1993 (as amended 1999); §106 of the Labour Law, promulgated by Royal Order No. CS/RKM/0397/01 of 13 March 1997 (amended in 2007)

Non-Discrimination

In accordance with the Cambodian Constitution, all persons are equal before law without any discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, language, beliefs, religions, political tendencies, birth origin, social status, wealth or other situations.

Labour Law requires that employers do not discriminate (in the employment related matters) on the basis of race, color, sex, belief, religion, political opinion, national origin, social origin, and membership of a trade union or the exercise of trade union activity. The 2009 Law on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability.

Sources: §31 of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, of 21 September 1993 (as amended 1999); §12 of the Labour Law, promulgated by Royal Order No. CS/RKM/0397/01 of 13 March 1997 (amended in 2007); Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability, 2009

Equal Choice of Profession

Women can work in the same industries as no restrictive provisions could be located in the law. Constitution grants the right to work in any profession to all the citizens. It says that the "Khmer citizens of either sex shall have the right to participate actively in the political, economic, social and cultural life of the nation.  Any suggestions from the people shall be given full consideration by the grant of the State. Moreover, article 36 of the Constitution reads as follows: "Khmer citizens of either sex shall enjoy the right to choose any employment according to their ability and to the needs of the society".

Sources: §35 & 36 of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, of 21 September 1993 (as amended 1999)

Regulations on Fair Treatment

  • Labour Code, 1997
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, 2012
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